Daniel Budd, Sr.

The earliest Budd in the census was Daniel Budd, married to Minta (maiden name unknown). Daniel was head of a free family of color found listed in the 1840 census in the Cracklin District of Montgomery County. In 1850 he is living in the Cracklin District with his wife Minta, daughter Ellen, and a potential sister or sister-in-law, Rachel Richardson. In 1860 Daniel was a laborer living in Sandy Spring. In his house was his wife Minty [sic], his son [Hamlin [sic-Hamilton], Rachel Richardson, and several others whose relationship is not known, including a Charles Budd, whom family researchers/descendants maintain was also a son. Among his neighbors were the families of his son Perry Budd, Robert Lincoln, and Caleb Dorsey. He last appeared in the 1870 census in “District 5.” He was now listed as a “Farmer,” and his son Hamilton, a “rough carpenter.” He was living next door to Tilghman Mitchell. There was also an older son, already married with a family of his own, Daniel Budd Jr., married to Lydia Cook. Thus the known children of Daniel and Minta Budd were (Richard) Perry, Ellen, Hamilton, Daniel Jr., and Charles.

Budd Family Home

Betsey Budd

(b. circa 1780; d. circa mid or late 1800s)

Betsey Budd was a Free Person of Color in the 1850 Census for Montgomery County, Maryland. At that time, she was living with her presumed son, George Budd (born circa 1802), and his family, in the Berry’s district of the greater Sandy Spring area. Another probable son, Daniel Budd (born circa 1795), and his family were living in the Cracklin District. There was a third Budd family, that of Eliza Budd (born circa 1795), also living in the Cracklin District. Eliza may have been a daughter, possibly a twin to Daniel (other twins appear in subsequent generations) or daughter-in-law. The 1850 census provides no direct clues. By 1860, the census records show that Daniel Budd and his son (Richard) Perry were landowners.

H. Plummer

(b. circa 1815 – d.?)

Henson Plummer was born around 1815 in Maryland to unknown parents. Plummer lived in Ebenezer Corner, near Tilghman Mitchell and William Bowen. Henson Plummer was married twice, the first time to a Maryland woman named Minta.  On November 3, 1877,  Plummer married Mary Ann Hamilton. Mary Ann Hamilton was 40 years younger than Plummer. In January 1861 Henson Plummer purchased a tract of land from Isaac Holland in Montgomery County.

W. Bowen

(b. circa 1801 – d. 1878)

William Bowen, a free-born mulatto, was born about 1801 in Maryland and is believed, through oral history, to be the son of Syrus Bowen and an unnamed white woman. Bowen worked as a post and railer, building fences. William Bowen lived east of Ashton with his wife Julianna and their eight children in a home near Tilghman Mitchell and Hanson Plummer. The Bowen children were John, George, Cyrus, Rosanna, Jehue, Martha, Anna, and Jarrett. Bowen is also the great-grandfather of Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson, the noted civil rights activist and the granddaughter of Bowen’s eldest son John.

On April 28, 1838 William Bowen purchased his first tract of land called “Reconciliation” from Caleb Bentley of the District of Columbia for the large sum of $500. Reconciliation, like much of the land that was sold to free blacks in this area, was once a part of the tract called “Addition to Charley Forrest.” In 1851 Bowen purchased another parcel of land that was a part of “Snowden Manor’s Enlarged” and “Addition to Charley Forrest” from Charles G. Porter for the sum of $200. Bowen, a free black, was a slave owner who purchased freedom for aread slaves. In the 1850s he had purchased three slaves who were related. He manumitted his three slaves, Maria Edwards and her two daughters, Juliana and George Ellen, in January 1853.

William Bowen was a religious man who became a Methodist minister at an unknown date. In his will of 1878 he allotted a portion of his land (approximately one and a quarter acre) for the erection of Ebenezer A.M.E. Church and burial ground, only if it would be used as a place of worship. William Bowen died around August or September of 1878 and is presumed to be buried at the Bowen family cemetery located behind Ebenezer Church. Bowen left all of his land to his eldest son John Bowen for a period of two years after his death. When those two years were past the land was to be divided equally amongst all of his children. Bowen’s sons Cyrus and George were named as the executors of his estate.

Tilghman Mitchell

(b. circa 1827 – d.?)

Horace Tilghman “Tilghman” Mitchell was a free African American landowner.  He was reportedly the son of Lena Mitchell, with four other siblings: Hezekiah, William, Rachel, and Elizabeth.

Tilghman Mitchell was married first to Mahala Squirrel of Montgomery County, MD. Mahala was formerly enslaved by Isaac Moore and reportedly manumitted her December 12, 1848. In July 1850, she was found as a servant in the Gurley household in Washington, D. C. By August, she was back in Montgomery County, in the Berry’s district, living in the home of Maria Boston. By 1860, she had married Tilghman Mitchell. It appears that they had a son William Mitchell and a stepdaughter Harriett Squirrel. However, William Mitchell was reportedly born about 1847 but was not living with either Tilghman or Mahala in 1850. Perhaps he was born before Mahala was emancipated, thus he was still enslaved by Isaac Moore. Also living in the home with Tilghman and Mahala in 1860 was a young girl, Harriet Squirrel. Again, she did not live with either Tilghman or Mahala in 1850, but it appears she was possibly the Harriet Squirrel of the same age, living with Nelson Squirrel’s family. Nelson was possibly Mahala’s brother and later a resident of the Cincinnati community. Thus, Harriet may have been a niece, not a daughter. Mahala died sometime before 1870 when Tilghman was listed as a single head of household, including his nephew, Richard Mitchell, son of his brother, Hezekiah Mitchell. William was no longer in the household, nor identified in any other household in the community.

Tilghman Mitchell married for the second time on February 7, 1871, to Caroline Holland Dorsey, widow of William Elijah Dorsey, in Montgomery County. She was the daughter of William Augustus Holland and Leatha Howard. Together Tilghman and Caroline had nine children: Henrietta, Francis Asbury, Albin Remus, Emma Virginia, Olivia, Horace Tilghman Jr., Hallie, Charles, and Caroline Belle. Francis Asbury would eventually move to Montana, where he married and raised a family. Daughter Hallie moved to Pennsylvania, where she lived until her death in 1946. Emma moved to New Jersey, where she married and raised a family until her death in 1972. Caroline moved first to Pennsylvania, where she married and had a daughter. She then to New York City, where she lived until her death in 1932. Albin Remus married and moved to Brooklyn, New York, where he died in 1959. Information on the other children is not known.

In 1861, Tilghman Mitchell purchased a tract of land called, “The Addition to Charley Forrest”, from Stephen L. F. Holland, executor of Isaac Holland. In 1867, Mitchell purchased additional land for the sum of $143, from William H. Stabler of Montgomery County. Despite that, Mitchell was not listed as a landowner on the 1870 census. He was listed as living next to Daniel and Minta Budd and William and Julianna Bowen in Sandy Spring. The 1878 Hopkins map showed also that Tilghman Mitchell was a neighbor of William Bowen, in the Ashton community. The 1880 census, however, listed Tilghman as living in the Eighth District, which is known as Olney. The 1880 census did not record information on property ownership. The 1900 census, the last census in which Tilghman was recorded, he was listed as a farmer who rented his farm property, still in the Eighth District (Olney).

Tilghman Mitchell was a member of the Sharp Street United Methodist Church and was one of the first trustees at that church. He was also a trustee for the Cedar Mount Cemetery, today known as Mutual Memorial Cemetery, in Montgomery County. In 1888, Tilghman and his wife Caroline granted a plot of land to Sharp Street for the purpose of building a parsonage. It is unknown when Mitchell died, but Caroline was listed as a widow in the 1910 census. He was most likely buried in Cedar Mount Cemetery (Mutual Memorial Cemetery).